EMS Care Chapter 16 | Gastrointestinal and Urologic Emergencies starts with an introduction to the topic and has presentations that cover the anatomy, types of injuries that could happen, and how to deal with the same. We subsequently explore in-depth the following lessons:
Core Concepts covered :
Acute abdomen refers to the sudden onset of abdominal pain and is often associated with severe and progressive problems in the abdomen. Many times, this can be an emergency and may even require surgery depending on the circumstances that cause it.
Often, the reasons for this pain are inflammation of appendicitis, diverticulitis, colitis, the stretching or distention of an organ like the obstruction of the intestine, blockage of a bile duct by gallstones, swelling of the liver with hepatitis, etc, due to the loss of the supply of blood to an organ.
Note that abdominal pain also can occur for unclear reasons without inflammation, distention, or loss of blood supply. An important example of this latter type of pain is irritable bowel syndrome (IBS). These latter types of pain are often referred to as functional pain because there are no recognizable or visible causes for the pain.
As an EMT, evaluate the patient’s condition and the intensity of the pain and accordingly transport immediately.
If the pain is not severe and if the patient’s life is not under threat, do a secondary examination to evaluate the cause of the abdominal pain.
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